Aluminium has become a vital part of our day to day life from the smartphones in your pocket to high rise buildings. The demand for this metal has increased with the rise in living and economic standards. Additionally, this is an ideal material for construction. It has broader application spectrum from the picture frames in your houses to the turbine blades.
When Aluminium is mixed with other elements, various variations in characteristics can be achieved including strength, corrosion resistance, and formability. Keeping in mind the intended application of the end product, the desired balance is applied in making the alloy.
In this article, we will discuss the benefits of Aluminium in different aspects.
What is Aluminium?
Chemically, mechanically and physically Aluminium has the same metallic properties compared to steel, zinc, lead, brass, and titanium. It can conduct electricity and can be melted, machined, cast like these metals. When it is mixed together with one or more elements, an alloy is formed. Elements that are alloyed with the metal include magnesium, copper, manganese, silicon, chromium, nickel, zinc and iron.
The range in which these elements are added in it to make an alloy comprises of 0.05 to 7.0 percent100% eco-friendly and non-toxic. Because of the specific properties of this metal , a huge variety of products is utilized in construction and making. Low density, excellent corrosion resistance, non-toxic properties and high amount of conduction make it different and distinctive from other metals. This metal is among the sixth most ductile and the second most malleable element among all other elements. Because of the benefits, it is considered amongst the efficient, effective and modern material for the construction and building industry.
Know the benefits of Aluminium
Because of being lightweight, strong and durable, Aluminium is widely in use. Its alloys which are corrosion-resistant, weather-proof and immune to the harmful effects of UV rays are commonly used in the building products. Over a very long lifetime, such products guarantee ideal performance. To the most stimulating and vigorous geometries, it can be tapered, bent extruded.
Resistance to Corrosion
The distinctive resistance of Aluminium to corrosion is unmatchable. The trimmed edge does not need to be protected because of the exceptional corrosion resistance of Aluminium. Through powder coating or anodising, it can be finished in an infinite variety of colors. The oxide layer within Aluminium conserves itself instantly creating a thin and satisfactory layer that assists and wards off future oxidation when scratched mechanically. This whole process is called ‘passivation.’ To a variety of environmental factors, Aluminium becomes resistant to this phenomenon.
Any of the main industrial metalworking processes including rolling, forging, casting and extrusion, guaranteeing virtually unlimited design potential is used for shaping Aluminium.
Thermal and Electrical Conduction
Aluminium is an example of an excellent conductor of heat and also electricity. By weight, the top advantage of Aluminium is that it has around twice the conductivity compared to that of copper. Nowadays it is among the most commonly used material in the large power transmission lines. Along with that it is utilised in all electrical transmission applications. Also, heat transmission up to 9.50C can be reduced because of high thermal insulation properties. Interestingly operating costs of air conditioning have significantly reduced because of the utilisation of this metal.
Odourless and Non-Toxic Property
When Aluminium comes in contact with taint products it not only shows non-toxic property but also it remains odourless. Because of this distinctive property, Aluminium is used in the packaging of really sensitive products such as pharmaceuticals and food.
For both the perceptible light and heat, Aluminium is an excellent reflector. Hence, it is an ultimate material for light fittings, thermal rescue blankets, and architectural padding.
Low melting and boiling points of Aluminium make it highly ductile. When it is in molten form, it can be molded in many ways.
The maintainable prospective that Aluminium has is something worth recapping. Over 100 years, the installations of Aluminium in construction are still resisting the trial of time. It is apparent that it is a genuinely “extensive lifetime” artifact. Recycling is stress-free, energy efficient and when it comes to the expiration. Without any damage to its natural abilities, it is probable to recycle the metal.
Both at this time and in the future, with its weatherproof and the aforementioned corrosion-resistant properties, it will remain a concrete environmental preference for building construction. It utilises only five percent of the total energy and is 100 percent recyclable. All the Aluminium that is utilised in the construction industry is recycled.
Use in Various Applications
Aluminium can be castoff in place of other materials such as steel, copper, zinc, stainless steel and mixtures depending upon the use. The diverse properties have made it a widely used metal. It is used in various fields as follows:
From the early days, Aluminium has been in use in the transport field ranging from the military vehicles, commercial vehicles, ships, buses, boats, bicycles, and cars. Lot vehicle components that are manufactured nowadays comprises of this metal. This is mainly because of the resistance to corrosion and recyclability.
- Marine Applications
For the giant structures of ships, Aluminium extrusions and plates are used widely. Without generating stability difficulties, the practice of these supplies permits inventors to upsurge the overhead waterline dimension of the basin.
To achieve improved enactment from the existing power by using Aluminium, the weight of this metal is used by marine architects in surface planning vessels, the hovercraft, and catamarans. It has developed as a recognised material for supporting structures on offshore oil, gas attires, and helidecks. In such vehicles because of the presence of Aluminium, lower weight and stretched lifecycles have been noticed. In telescopic bridges and oil rig stair towers, it has become very famous because of these specific potentials.
- Architecture and Building
In a wide range of applications, Aluminium is being used in the building covers. The usage in the building and architecture are as given below:
- Foil insulation
- Architectural hardware
- Shop Fronts
- In the practice of tread plate and industrial floor covering, Aluminium is also frequently used.
The resistant property of Aluminium, i.e., resistant to gases, oils, water, volatile compounds has made it a strong metal to be frequently utilised in the packaging industry. When the property comes in close with the high formability, cold resistance, non-toxicity, reflectivity, best results are obtained as per the requirement of the user.
The usages of Aluminium in the packaging industry are in –
- pharmaceutical packaging
- food and protection
- shielding of electrical components
The packaging industry is using it widely in its products. The non-toxic and odourless behaviour of the metal has made it worthy to be utilised for the protection and packaging of food materials. Besides that, it has high resistance to UV rays. It also makes beverage cans. 15 percent of the total world packaging consumption is composed of the usage of Aluminium.
- Construction Field
In the construction industry roughly, one-fifth of the world’s entire consumption of aluminum is utilised. It can be cut, bonded, welded, joined and tapered with other substances. Various household items are made up of this metal.
- Electrical Conductivity
Electrical equipment, power lines, and electricity also consist of about ten percent aluminum. Over long distances low density and high ductility make it fit for the transmission of high voltage electricity.
- For Food Packaging
It keeps the food safe and stops pathogens from inflowing in the food. As a result, the taste or smell of the food packed in it is not affected at all. Hence, it aids as an outstanding packaging material.
Aluminium is a sustainable material which is being used in the industry for day to day convenience in the markets. It is considered as a unique solution for fuel efficiency in the various part of the developed world. It is a solution to better fuel efficient world.
Low energy costs and decreased emission of carbon in a number of applications is just because of the light-weight, durability, and recyclability of valued Aluminium products in the market among various applications. Up to 95 percent of sunlight can be reflected by using Aluminium coated roofs.
This consequently results in the improved efficiency of the building. Lightweight and recycled Aluminium packaging reduce the costs of shipping and emissions of carbon for makers of the beverage industry. It has been found in studies that in total life cycle energy consumption, an aluminum-intensive automobile can attain up to a 32 percent reduction. The aluminum productiveness is an answer to the world’s energy needs from light-weighting to recycling.
The extraordinary and rare properties of Aluminium have made this element application in many fields. Furthermore, we can conclude that from household items to the food packaging and the giant structures of automobiles and buildings good quality Aluminium plays a vital role. Hence with the good supplier of this metal, we can fulfil our purposes.